This is the first camera, which gives me possibility to run RAW process. Nikon has his own filename extension for RAW files – NEF images.
A camera RAW image file contains minimally processed data from the image sensor of the digital camera. RAW files are named so because they are not processed yet.
RAW files contain the full resoultion (typically 12- or 14-bit) up to 16-bit, when the best JPEG files contains only 8-bit resolution. When you shoot in a format like JPEG image information is compressed and lost. Once you use the RAW format, no information is compressed, thereby you are able to produce higher quality images.
When you shoot the RAW, you are able to make a photo processing and make decisions on how the image should look like. This topic isn’t brand new and ground breaking. It has been described in the web a couple years before.

I am aimed at show you the RAW processing features provided by Nikon D5300 Digital Lens Sensor Camera. Prior to this article I wrote about  processing JPEG images in the D5300 model.

To start RAW image processing you must choose NEF (RAW) processing from RETOUCH MENU (Pic.1) and next pick up the photo from your current SD card folder (Pic.1).

1. RAW retouch menu
Pic.1 NEF (RAW) Processing in the Retouch Menu on the left, Choice of the photo from the folder on the right, (Nikon D5300 Reference Manual).

You can adjust the settings listed (and described) below:

a) Image qualityfine, normal or basic. Record JPEG fine images is at a compression ratio of roughly 1:4, accordingly 1:8 for normal and 1:16 for the basic quality.

b) Image size – You can save your output photo in 3 basic image sizes (Pic.2).

2. Image size
Pic.2 Basic image sizes in the D5300 model. A print size column shows approximate size when printed at 300 dpi (Nikon D5300 Reference Manual)

.c) White balance – ensures, that colours are unaffected by the colour of the light source. You have the choice of the following (Pic.3):

3. balans bieli
Pic.3 The White balance list (Nikon D5300 Reference Manual).

Picture 4 shows the example choice – Fluorescent. Once you decided to use the fluorescent light balance you will have another choice of the following: (Pic.5)

IMG_7009
Pic.4 The Fluorescent White Balance options.
IMG_7010
Pic.5 The Fluorescent White Balance example – Warm-white fluorescent.

The colour temperature (Pic.6) is very important in adjusting your photos. It is an objective measure of the colour of a light source, defined with reference to the temperature to which an object would have to be heated to radiate light in the same wavelenghts. Light sources with a higher colour temperature appear like more blue.

5. COlor temperature
Pic.6 The Colour Temperature scale (Nikon D5300 Reference Manual).

After the choice of the colour temperature you may modify the colour balance also, as in the JPEG imge (Pic.7).

IMG_7011
Pic.7 The White Fluorescent White Balane colour balance options.

See for the examples below: (Pic.8 – 12).

7. Balans bieli
Pic.8 White Balance examples: 1 – Starting RAW image, 2 – Indascent red, 3 – Sodium vapor lamps, 4 – White fluorescent.
9. Balans Bieli4
Pic.9 White Fluorescent colour balance options: 1 – Yellow, 2 – Pink, 3 – Blue, 4 – Red, 5 – Green.

 

10. Balans bieli5
Pic.10 High Temperature Vapor Colour Balance: 1 – Starting RAW Image, 2 – Red, 3 – Pink, 4 – Green, 5 – Blue.
11. Balans bieli6 direct sunlight
Pic.11 The Direct Sunlight colour balance: 1 – Yellow, 2 – Starting RAW image, 3 – Green.
12. Balans bieli7
Pic.12 High temperature white balance: 1 – Starting RAW image, 2 – Flash, 3 – Cloudy, 4 – Shade.

d) Exposure Compensation – is used for make the pictures brighter or darker (Pic.13 -16).

IMG_7012
Pic.13. The Exposure Compensation range.
13. Exposure
Pic.14 The Exposure Compensation: 1 – -2EV, 2 – -1EV, 3 – 0EV, 4 – +1EV, 5 – +2EV.
14. Exposure2
Pic.15 The Exposure Compensation: 1 – +2EV, 2 – +1EV, 3 – -1EV, 4 – -2EV.
15. Exposure3
Pic.16 The Exposure Compensation: 1 – +2EV, 2 – +1EV, 3 – 0EV, 4 – -1EV, 5 – -2EV.

As you notice, that some pictures are more green. You can adjust your photo by more features in the same time!

e) Picture control – in D5300 is quite big. You have a dozen or so options to processing your RAW image (Pic.17,18).

IMG_7013
Pic.17 D5300 Picture control basic interface.
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Pic.18 D5300 Picture control adjust settings.

When you selected a proper picture control you can adjust settings (Pic.18). To make a quick amendment you can select QUICK ADJUST to choose a preset combination of settings. When you need more accurate adjust then highlight the desired setting and choose a proper value (Pic.19).

16. toggle
Pic.19 (D5300 Reference Manual).

For every picture control the adjust interface is the same except Monochrome, where  you  can  adjust filter effects and tone (Pic.20,21) instead saturation and hue. Remember that you can use the filter effects to enhance contrast, to tone down the brightness of the sky in landscape photographs (Yellow, Orange, Red) or to soft skin tones (Green).

IMG_7019
Pic.20 Monochrome adjust settings.
tone
Pic.21 Monochrome Toning settings.

See the examples below (Pic.22-31):

16b. Picture COntrol
Pic.22 The Picture Control basic options: 1 – Standart, 2 – Neutral, 3 – Vivid, 4 – Monochrome, 5 – Portrait, 6 – Landscape.

 

17. Quick adjust
Pic.23 Quick Adjust: 1 – Before, 2 – After.
23. Sharpness2
Pic.24 Sharpness value: 1 – 9 (max), 2 – 0 (min).
24. Sharpness
Pic.25 Sharpness details: 1 – 9 (max), 2 – 0 (min).
25.COntrast
Pic.26 Contrast settings: 1 – Max low, 2 – Default, 3 – Max high.
26. Brightness
Pic.27 Brightness settings: 1 – Max low, 2 – Default, 3 – Max high.
27. Saturation
Pic.28 Saturation Balance: 1 – Max low, 2 – Default, 3 – Max high.
29. Hue
Pic.29 Hue balance: 1 – Max low, 2 – Default, 3 – Max high.
18. Monochrome1
Pic.30 Monochrome filters: 1 – Off, 2 – Yellow, 3 – Orange, 4 – Red, 5 – Green.
19. Monochrome2
Pic.31 Monochrome tone settings: 1 – Starting monochrome image, 2 – Min red tone, 3 – Max purple tone.

f) ISO Sensivity – is a measure of the camera’s ability to capture the light. In D5300 you have the choice between ISO 100 and ISO 12800 with extension to 25600. Every RAW image may be modified within 4 levels of ISO sensivity: AUTO (OFF), LOW, NORMAL and HIGH.

g) Color Space – determines the gamut of colours available for color reproduction. You may choose sRGB which is recommended for movies, general-purpose printing and display and Adobe RGB, with its broader gamut of colours, which may be using for professional publication and commercial printing (Pic.32,33).

IMG_7016
Pic.32 D5300 Color space settings.
33.Color space
Pic.33 The Colour Space settings: 1 – sRGB, 2 – AdobeRGB.

h) D-lightning – same as in  Jpg images.

Finally you can make endless amount of Jpg photos from the RAW image. The animation below shows every image processes together (Pic.34).

RAW
Pic.34 RAW processing output photos compilation.

This is just part of exercise, which you can make with D5300 model. You can also use proper software to RAW processing on your computer. See the list of programs below:

– RAW Therapee 4.2

– Capture NX-D

– DCRAW

– Photoscape 3.6.3

– Photivo

 

The picture parametres:

ISO 280

1/500 sec

F:3.6

The picture location:

Beacon Hill, Chiltern Hills between Ellesborough and Little Kimble.

Mariusz Krukar

 

Links:

English

How to process RAW images in the right way

10 reasons why you should be shooting RAW

RAW vs Jpg

NIKON D5300 Test ISO Sensivity

Polish

RAW czy Jpg? Co jest lepsze i od czego?

RAW kontra Jpg – co powinienem wybrać?

RAW – większa rozdzielczość, więcej możliwości

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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